Doctors Who Treat Liver Disease – End-stage liver disease is when the liver has been damaged beyond repair due to chronic liver disease or acute liver failure.
End-stage liver disease is when the liver is damaged beyond repair due to chronic liver disease or acute liver failure. Cirrhosis of the liver occurs with chronic liver diseases. Cirrhosis is scarring of the liver. It usually occurs after other stages of damage from conditions affecting the liver.
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It is also known as decompensated liver disease. Patients with decompensated cirrhosis have more severe symptoms and complications.
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Patients with decompensated cirrhosis have an increased risk of dying from complications of liver disease. Their symptoms can seriously affect their quality of life. In such cases, a liver transplant may be beneficial.
Patients with compensated cirrhosis still have relatively well-functioning livers, despite scarring from end-stage liver disease. These patients often have no or few symptoms, but still need treatment. They are usually not candidates for a liver transplant.
However, sometimes patients with well-compensated cirrhosis can develop hepatocellular cancer (HCC) in their liver. In some circumstances they may be offered a liver transplant as a possible curative treatment if other treatments are not suitable.
Kidney failure can also occur in patients with end-stage liver disease. This is often reversible with a liver transplant. But some patients may need a combined liver and kidney transplant.
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It occurs when a patient develops sudden and severe liver failure without a long history of liver disease. In these cases, an immediate liver transplant can be their life-saving treatment.
If you and your doctor agree that a liver transplant may be a good treatment for you, they will arrange a series of tests for you.
What are the benefits of a liver transplant? For selected patients, liver transplantation is the best treatment for end-stage liver disease. Find out how transplants can help
What are the risks of a liver transplant? Serious complications from a liver transplant are rare, but like any operation, it is not without risk. Learn about possible complications Elevated liver enzymes can be a sign that a person’s liver is not working properly. Damaged or inflamed liver cells release enzymes into the blood, which a blood test will detect.
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Doctors test people for elevated liver enzymes if they have symptoms of conditions that commonly cause liver damage.
In this article, learn about the causes of elevated liver enzymes, as well as the symptoms and treatments for each of these conditions.
If a person’s blood test results show elevated liver enzymes, the doctor will investigate possible underlying causes. They may perform additional tests in addition to asking about the person’s lifestyle and dietary habits.
The most common cause of elevated liver enzymes is fatty liver disease. Research suggests that 25-51% of people with elevated liver enzymes have this condition.
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Fatty liver disease occurs when fat accumulates in the liver. If this buildup is due to alcohol consumption, it is called alcoholic fatty liver disease.
When alcohol is not a causative factor, the buildup of fat in the liver is called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). People with metabolic syndrome are at high risk of NAFLD.
Fatty liver disease can sometimes cause fatigue and pain in the right side of the abdomen, but it often causes no symptoms.
To diagnose fatty liver disease, a doctor may test for elevated liver enzymes for alcohol use disorder or metabolic syndrome.
Fatty Liver Disease: Symptoms, Causes, Risks, And Treatment
Hepatitis is a virus that causes inflammation of the liver. There are different types of hepatitis, called A, B, C, D and E. All types have the same symptoms.
Inflammation of the liver due to alcohol consumption is called alcoholic hepatitis. When drugs are the root cause, doctors call it toxic hepatitis.
If a person is experiencing symptoms of an alcohol or drug use disorder, a doctor can check their liver enzyme levels and offer a variety of treatments and support.
Cirrhosis is a type of liver damage. People with cirrhosis have permanent scarring of the liver, which can prevent it from working properly. Cirrhosis can eventually lead to liver failure.
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Cirrhosis symptoms include fatigue and itchy skin. If hepatitis or fatty liver disease is not treated, people are at risk of cirrhosis.
Blood tests may show elevated liver enzymes. Blood tests check for increased levels of AST and ALT, which are enzymes that the liver releases when it is inflamed or damaged.
If a doctor finds that a person has elevated AST or ALT levels, they will likely run additional tests to determine the underlying cause.
People can work with their doctor to treat NAFLD by losing weight. A doctor may advise a person to make lifestyle changes to lose weight, such as:
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Talking to a nutritionist or personal trainer can help someone stay on track with their weight loss plan.
If a person has fatty liver disease due to alcohol consumption, the doctor will help them reduce their alcohol consumption.
Treatment of hepatitis depends on whether it is acute or chronic. A doctor may recommend the following treatments for acute hepatitis:
Anyone who feels that their alcohol or drug use is causing health problems or is interfering with their daily life should talk to their doctor.
What Can Be The Symptoms When You Have A Liver Disease?
Cirrhosis is permanent liver damage, so it is not always treatable. However, the underlying cause of liver damage is usually amenable to treatment. The conditions we discussed above can lead to cirrhosis.
Treatments such as a modified diet, weight loss, and reduced alcohol consumption can reduce the risk of further liver damage. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the liver can help prevent cirrhosis.
Elevated liver enzymes are a sign of inflammation or damage to a person’s liver. Many conditions can cause inflammation or damage to the liver.
Doctors use blood tests to check for elevated liver enzymes. They can test anyone with symptoms of one of the conditions known to raise liver enzyme levels.
Liver Disease: Symptoms, Causes & Treatment |
If a person’s blood test results show that they have elevated liver enzymes, the doctor will investigate the underlying cause. Once they make a diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Fatty liver disease is the most common cause of advanced liver damage. People with fatty liver disease can manage their condition by losing weight, if necessary, or by cutting back on alcohol. Other causes of liver inflammation are also treatable.
Elevated liver enzymes are usually a temporary symptom. Liver enzyme levels can quickly return to normal if a person follows a doctor-recommended treatment plan for the underlying condition.
Medical News Today has strict sourcing guidelines and sources only peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical journals and associations. We avoid using third party references. We link to primary sources—including studies, scientific references, and statistics—within each article and list them in the Sources section below our article. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy. Located on the right side of the abdomen, under the rib cage, the liver is one of the largest and most important organs in the body. It produces essential biochemicals that are responsible for digesting food and removing toxins from the body. However, there are many liver diseases that can occur if you do not take care of them properly. Some of these are genetic in nature, but apart from hereditary liver problems, the rest are caused by various factors. Certain viruses, infections, alcoholism and obesity are not the only causes of liver scarring or cirrhosis. Long-term damage and cirrhosis can lead to liver failure, which is a life-threatening condition. All these can be avoided only by seeking early treatment, which helps the liver heal.
Signs Of Liver Disease To Never Ignore
Liver disease symptoms or problems are not always significant or cause noticeable symptoms. However, symptoms of liver disease may include:
Liver problems can occur due to immunity disorders. Due to some autoimmune disorders, the immune system can attack certain parts of the body, affecting the liver. Such autoimmune liver problems may include hepatitis, primary biliary cholangitis or sclerosing cholangitis.
Liver infections can be caused by parasites and viruses that cause inflammation within the liver, which reduces liver function. Such damage to the liver caused by viruses can spread easily. Infection can also be spread through blood or semen, contaminated food or water, or close contact with a sick person. Common types of liver infections associated with hepatitis viruses include hepatitis E, A, B, and C.
Not only liver cancer but bile duct cancer or liver adenoma can also affect the liver and cause various liver diseases.
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Liver problems can be inherited from one or both parents through abnormal genes. Such genes can cause various substances to form inside the liver and damage it. Some genetic liver problems are Hemochromatosis, Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency and Wilson’s disease.
Liver treatment is very specific to the diagnosis and condition. Some liver problems are treated with medication, while some liver problems are treated with lifestyle changes. These changes may include zero alcohol consumption, weight loss, or a
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