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By | May 25, 2023
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Small Business Loans Canada Calculator – Net profit margin (also known as return on sales) is a widely used profitability metric that measures a company’s financial position. It is the percentage of sales revenue remaining after deducting operating expenses, depreciation, amortization, interest, and income tax.

Simply put, it’s the after-tax profit you make on each sale. The numbers tell you how profitable your business has been.

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“The higher the net profit margin, the more money you put in your pocket,” says Nadine Jaillet, Senior Account Manager, Inc.

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It is a tool for sparking conversation. It helps you work smarter because it prompts questions and helps you identify red flags faster.

In this case, after all expenses are subtracted, 7% of the revenue remains. That is, for every $100 sold, you make $} profit.

Calculating net profit margin is simple. Divide net income by sales (or revenue, sometimes called the top line). For example, if your sales are $1 million and your net income is $100,000, your net profit margin is 10%.

This figure is usually taken from the year-end income statement or tax authority’s valuation notice. You may also perform annual interim calculations (eg monthly) to monitor your financial performance if you have properly adjusted depreciation, amortization, interest and taxes. In this case, the calculation uses the estimated tax amount.

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Net profit margins help you understand a company’s financial health, identify trends, and identify areas for improvement. “It’s a tool to spark conversation,” says Jaillet. “You can work smarter because it triggers questions and helps you identify red flags faster. Sometimes it’s an eye opener for the company.”

When net profit margins change, you can look at other factors in the income statement to determine their contribution, such as material costs or operating costs.

“Take a closer look at why,” Jaillet recommends. “Perhaps operational efficiencies need to be reviewed, or prices or labor costs are higher than industry trends. You can use numbers to inspire discussion with your leadership team.”

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Companies with higher margins than their competitors are generally more efficient, flexible, and able to seize new opportunities.

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Jaillet cites the example of a company whose revenues grow from $1 million to $2 million per year while maintaining $100,000 in revenue. In this case, the net profit margin halved, from 10% to 5%.

“Companies are working harder and making less money,” says Jaillet. “The net profit margin has dropped significantly. why? It may have added a new division or bought market share. Was this the correct action? Indicators are the starting point for conversations. You have to understand the story behind the change.”

You can use the net profit margin to benchmark your industry peers. “If the industry average is 5% to 7%, anything above 7% is good, and less than 5% would indicate an opportunity to improve margins,” says Jaillet.

“Companies that outperform their competitors are generally more efficient, flexible, and able to seize new opportunities,” says Jaillet.

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When benchmarking, it’s important to keep in mind that industry averages can vary widely due to many factors such as company size, geography, and industry. Also make sure you are comparing the same numbers. Some benchmarking tools (such as Industry Canada’s Financial Performance Data Tool) use pre-tax income to calculate profit margins.

Bankers typically use net profit margins to assess an entrepreneur’s funding needs and ability to underwrite and pay off debt.

“We usually look at net profit margins over the past three to five years to see how a company is doing and where it is headed,” says Jaillet.

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Net profit margin is equal to net profit (net profit after tax) divided by sales. It is usually expressed as a percentage.

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A good profit margin depends on many factors, including industry, company size, and geography. A benchmarking tool lets you see how your net profit margins compare to your industry peers. Anything above the industry average is good. Being below average means you may need to analyze why you’re underperforming.

Gross profit margin (sometimes referred to as gross margin) is gross profit (i.e. direct cost of sales, also known as cost of goods sold) divided by sales. This is a profit that can cover general, selling and administrative expenses, depreciation, amortization, interest and taxes. Unlike net profit margin, it does not include operating expenses, depreciation, amortization, interest, non-operating income and expenses, or income tax.

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For more information on key ratios for managing your business, download our free guide to monitoring business performance. Is it risky for banks to lend money to companies? To check, banks will look at their debt-to-asset ratio.

This ratio determines the company’s debt level, i.e. the percentage of assets owned by creditors. It is one of three ratios that measure a company’s debt capacity, the other two being debt service ratio and debt ratio.

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Typically, banks interpret a low ratio as a good indicator of your ability to obtain other loans to pay down debt or pursue new opportunities. On the other hand, a high ratio indicates a high level of debt dependence and can be a sign of weak finances.

This result can be considered positive or negative, depending on the industry standard for companies of similar size and activity. For creditors, it means shareholders have contributed a significant portion of their money to the business, so the lower the debt-to-asset ratio, the more money the creditors are likely to receive.

To calculate your debt-to-asset ratio, you need to consider your total liabilities. “Current liabilities (such as accounts payable and other liabilities) payable within 12 months after the end of the fiscal year, the current portion of the debt, and long-term debt payable beyond 12 months (e.g. mortgage loan minus current debt) is included. “, says Florence Bessette, Business Advisor and CPA Auditor for Advisory Services.

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To obtain the debt-to-asset ratio, total liabilities must be divided by the total assets of the company. “Cash assets include assets that the company currently holds, such as cash, and other assets that will become liquid within 12 months after the end of the financial year, such as receivables,” says Bessette. “Then include long-term assets and tangible assets, such as long-term investments. Total assets consist of all of the company’s resources.”

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Leverage can be an interesting option for companies because it can enable growth. However, it must be used wisely.

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In the example below, the debt-to-total assets ratio is 54% in year 1 and 61% in year 2. That is, in the first year, creditors owned 54% of the assets, but in the second year, this ratio was 61%.

The debt-to-asset ratio is primarily used by financial institutions to assess a company’s ability to service its current debt and its ability to raise cash from new debt. This ratio is also very similar to the debt ratio, where a ratio greater than 1.0 indicates that most of the assets are financed by debt.

Companies with a high debt ratio are said to have high leverage. Highly leveraged companies often perform well in growth markets, but are more likely to struggle to pay down their debt during market downturns. It is also more difficult to finance new debt to ensure survival or to take advantage of market opportunities.

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It is not only normal for a company to take on debt, it can also be a positive thing.

Bessette explains, “Leverage can be an interesting option for businesses that can leverage borrowed money to generate additional resources.” “For example, to increase productivity, companies can purchase commercial buildings that are larger and better suited to their needs. Next, you can buy state-of-the-art equipment that can fulfill more contracts faster for your customers. Debt allows companies to maintain liquidity for working capital.”

However, banks should consider that increasing lending to companies with already high debt-to-asset ratios carries financial risks. “First, the company will have less collateral to offer creditors, and second, it will incur higher financing costs,” Bessette explains.

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“It’s also important to know that companies with more debt will receive higher interest rates on future loans because the risk to the lender is higher,” says Bessette.

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Therefore, the interest payable will reduce the profitability of the company. Debt service also reduces liquidity.

To know if your debt-to-assets ratio is good or bad, you need to compare it to other companies in the same industry.

To determine whether a debt-to-assets ratio is good or bad, you also need to look at the company’s level of growth. “If the